Reading and Math Tips

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Many people with Down syndrome struggle with reading, comprehension, fluency, and phonics.  Research has shown that a mixture of both “Errorless Learning” and “Sight Word/Whole Word Reading” oftentimes results in the best outcomes in learning to read.

Excerpt from “Thoroughly Modern Messy”

Reading can be fostered in the classroom and at home with the use of letter cards or letter books — pages with a letter written in big type and accompanied by a picture of something that starts with that letter. Show the card, then say the letter sound to the child, then say the word and see if the child repeats it. Over time, you can ask the child to categorize by putting all the “b” words in one pile, the “d” words in another, etc. Read more

Excerpt from Down Syndrome Education Online

Children and adults with Down syndrome vary widely in their achievements and interest in number skills and mathematics. There is only a small amount of research in the area and little that provides guidance for effective teaching methods and materials. Typically, the achievements of individuals with Down syndrome in number are at a lower level than their achievements in literacy. However, there is a wide range of progress and while some children find number difficult, other children with Down syndrome enjoy mathematics. Read more